Bhubaneswar: Along with the rapid expansion of urban areas and the growth of their population, enormous amounts of waste have been generated, especially solid waste, and their disposal has now proven to be a daunting challenge.

Solving this environmental problem may seem like a daunting task, but it can turn into a golden opportunity by implementing appropriate strategies, plans and programs.

The Indian government’s “Waste for Wealth Mission” aims to make it possible to generate energy from waste, recover recyclable materials and gain valuable resources through the use of suitable technologies. In our cities, parks established with various environmental goals to connect people with nature and entertain them regularly release large amounts of green waste such as leaves, flowers, branches, etc. The accumulated waste products are often incinerated according to our ancient practices.

When plastics and other toxic wastes are added to green waste and incinerated, they release deadly pollutants such as dioxins, furans, hydrocarbons, sulfur dioxide, heavy metals and particulates that pollute the atmosphere and have adverse health effects.

With this in mind, all green waste collected from city parks can be converted into organic manure of the highest quality through composting, which can be used to supply the garden plants with good nutrients. This can be done through three main processes: aerobic composting using oxygen, anaerobic composting using no oxygen, and vermi composting using earthworms of good variety. This manure is a better substitute for the chemical fertilizers and can also be sold in bulk in the market, thereby helping to create a clean, green and green environment. It will also support and enrich the Swachh Bharat Mission and the Smart City Project.

With all of this in mind, it will be a timely step for the government to take steps to make the scientific composting process mandatory in all parks in the state, said Dr. Jayakrushna Panigrahi, Secretary of the Orissa Environmental Society, Bhubaneswar.